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发布于:2018-5-22 03:15:27  访问:7 次 回复:0 篇
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Gray main diagonal). Israeli senders show no improved expectations for receivers
There is certainly no added effect of MS023 web spatial distance amongst sender and receiver countries on net-transfer. Expectations, transfers, and net-transfers in studySender/receiver nationality Sender nationality Mexico Japan Germany Israel India United States Receiver nationality Mexico Japan Germany Israel India United States Constant Observations Adjusted R2 Expectation (model 1) 2.493 (1.52) -8.741*** (-5.53) -0.708 (-0.46) 5.219*** (3.31) 2.910 (1.67) -1.173 (-0.69) -4.522*** (-9.05) 7.010*** (13.68) 1.802*** (3.64) -5.247*** (-10.05) -3.324*** (-6.48) 4.280*** (8.06) 42.86*** (61.46) 7,362 0.058 Transfer (model 2) 1.332 (0.76) -8.126*** (-4.52) 2.547 (1.49) 5.497** (3.22) -3.486* (-2.06) 2.236 (1.19) -2.908*** (-6.73) 3.791*** (8.48) 0.531 (1.17) -3.071*** (-6.66) -0.602 (-1.29) 2.259*** (4.95) 44.35*** (59.34) 7,362 0.058 Net-transfer (model 3) -1.160 (-1.38) 0.615 (0.69) 3.255*** (3.79) 0.278 (0.30) -6.396*** (-5.20) 3.409*** (3.42) 1.614*** (3.80) -3.219*** (-7.78) -1.271** (-3.03) 2.176*** (4.96) 2.722*** (5.83) -2.021*** (-4.63) 1.491*** (3.69) 7,362 0.Regression models (OLS with cluster-corrected SEs) for study 1 predicting expectations (model 1), transfers (model dar.12324 two), and net-transfers (model three) by the sender‘s and receiver‘s country of origin also as all two-way interactions, that are reported in SI Appendix, Table S3.Gray most important diagonal). Israeli senders show no elevated expectations for receivers from Israel but give significantly more than they expect to obtain. Persons from India expect to get much more from their ingroup and don‘t favor their very own group on best of that. Germans even count on to acquire rather little from the ingroup but transfer a lot more than they anticipate to receive. All round, the detailed analyses show that ingroup favoritism varies quantitatively too as qualitatively among nations. There is no extra impact of spatial distance involving sender and receiver nations on net-transfer. As a third aspect, we tested for effects of inequality aversion as a result of differences in the level of wealth determined by GDP per capita (corrected for purchasing power) (www.imf.org/external/ pubs/ft/weo/2014/01/weodata/download.aspx) for the sender minus that for the receiver. In carrying out so, we find a wealth difference effect on net-transfer. In line with the inequality-aversion argument introduced above, persons give much more than they expect to get to persons from poorer countries but count on much less cooperation from these persons. Fourth, we tested the effect of cultural similarity between nations according to the Euclidean distance on the Hofstede cultural dimensions. Contrary to the assumption that 02699931.2015.1049516 social preferences might be positively shaped by cultural similarity, we uncover that the tendency of people to give more than they expect general decreases with cultural similarity. Detailed analyses around the Hofstede dimensions (like all other predictors from Table 2) reveal that net-transfers raise with similarity concerning masculinity but lower with cultural similarity concerning power distance and uncertainty avoidance.
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